This section foregrounds artifacts that have looked at collaborative formations as part of the research design phase.
The following description (drafted prior to reading the works) outlines how we were thinking about this particular research life cycle phase:
AO (July 2018): Collaboration in the research design speaks to a co-construction of the research questions and project plan and research object(s) of inquiry. The most concrete contemporary example of this is usually found in development work, especially at the intersection with design thinking and user experience research who, in theory, come into a community and let them determine what areas are most interesting/relevant for them. This kind of approach harkens back further to the advent of Participatory Action Research, made famous by development scholar Robert Chambers (1984; 1994). While many scholars idealize the co-creation of research, PAR and other participatory research approaches have been critiqued for simply replicating status-quo power relations when not facilitated responsibly (Cooke and Kothari 2001).
This essay is part of a broader orals document querying collaborative formations. Works were categoried under one part of the “research life cycle” as a heuristic. Sub-essays within the orals doc can be accessed directly through the following links: Research Design (Artifacts | Analysis); Data Gathering and Production (Artifacts | Analysis); Data Analysis (Artifacts | Analysis); Artifact Production (Artifacts | Analysis); Dissemination (Artifacts | Analysis); Political Practice (Artifacts | Analysis).