AO. Wood - Gray: defining collaboration

  • AO: The analysts studied nine analyses of collaboration. They noted that at least 7 definitions of collaboration appeared (e.g. “collaboration as a process through which parties who see different aspects of a problem can constructively explore their differences and explore their differences and search for solutions that go beyond their own limited vision of what is possible”; “constructive management of difference”; “process of joint decision making among key stakeholders of a problem domain about the future of that domain”; “a group of key stakeholders who work together to make joint decisions about the future of their problem domain”; “an interactive process having a shared transmutational purpose and characterized by explicit voluntary membership, joint decision making, agreed-upon rules, and a temporary structure.)

  • AO: Analysts argued that they wanted a definition of collaboration that answers: Who is doing what, with what means, towards what ends? Eventually they came to a definition:

  • AO: “Collaboration occurs when a group of autonomous stakeholders of a problem domain engage in an interactive process, using shared rules, norms, and structures, to act or decide on issues related to that domain.”


Analytic (Question)





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