AO: the analysts argued for three levels of debate and action: individual, institutional and structural (page 15). They argue that ethical challenges arise from collaborative engagements.
AO: Data case study: the research relationship started informally and was established in a spirit of networking. Both parties perceived that they benefited from this relationship: the doctor’s workplace was improved and could serve more patients, and the scientist accessed valuable data to further his research. However, over time, doctor senses that collaboration is not equal the scientist assumes primary ownership of the data and fails to actively involve him in the dissemination of findings and plans for new studies. The fact that communication between both parties is very limited contributes to the deterioration of the relationship.