AO: The analysts are focused on the preconditions that make collaboration possible and motivate stakeholders (why would one participate in a collaboration?), the process of collaboration, and the outcomes of collaboration. They are trying to come up with a comprehensive theory of collaboration.
AO: Analysts identify a central question: “To what extent do stakeholders of a domain enter into collaborations intending to reduce environmental complexity and enhance their control over environmental factors and to what extent are such objectives actually met? If collaboration actually increases environmental complexity, what does it offer to stakeholders in exchange for this undesirable effect?”